Christine Espinosa




Professeur associé à l'Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'espace (ISAE-SUPAERO)
Membre du groupe Modélisation des Systèmes et Microsystèmes Mécaniques (MS2M)
2033, Espace Clément Ader, 3 rue Caroline Aigle
31400 Toulouse


☎ +33 (0) 5 61 17 11 82 (recherche)
☎ +33 (0) 5 61 33 85 54 (enseignement)

Activités de recherche

Research Activities:

Main Activity in Computational Mechanics : nonlinear transient dynamics, fragmentation, ruptures, Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH), influence of material damage on structure damage resistance and damage tolerance

Aims : developp methods methodologies and home tools, contribute to enhancement of commercial codes (LS-Dyna, Impetus Afea), enhance predicatability of numerical simulations

Main Applications : Hyper Velocity Impact (HVI) of space debris, phase change and state change in materials due to high strain rates, ruptures and fracture modelling, rapid machining and tool/workpiece interaction, process simulation, fluid/structure coupling on light structures during rapid loadings, impacts, crash/crush, effect of material damage on structure behavior


Research Partners :

Labs: ICA/MSC (internal Laboratory Co-workers), LMT

Development and coding : LSTC, Impetus Afea France

Companies collaborations : AIRBUS Operations, AIRBUS Group Innovation, Latécoère, CNES, CEA, TDA, EMS, Dedienne Aerospace
 


Production scientifique

61 contributions

Article de revue internationale avec comité de lecture

[ACL1]F. Lachaud, C. Espinosa, L. Michel, P. Rahme and R. Piquet. Modelling strategies for predicting the residual strength of impacted composite aircraft fuselages. Applied Composite Materials. 22(6)599-621. 2015 [DOI]
[ACL2]F. Lachaud, C. Espinosa, L. Michel, R. Piquet and P. Rahme. Modelling Strategies for Simulating Delamination and Matrix Cracking in Composite Laminates. Applied Composite Materials. 22(4)377-403. 2015 [DOI]
[ACL3]C. Espinosa, F. Lachaud, J. Limido , J.L. Lacôme, A. Bisson and M. Charlotte. Coupling continuous damage and debris fragmentation for energy absorption prediction by cfrp structures during crushing. Computational Particle Mechanics. 2(1)1-17. 2015 [DOI]
[ACL4]J. Le Dref, Y. Landon, G. Dessein and C. Espinosa. Modelling kinematics and cutting forces in vibration assisted drilling. Mechanics and Industry. accepted (september 2015). 2015
[ACL5]J. Limido, C. Espinosa, M. Salaün, C. Mabru, R. Chieragatti and J.-L. Lacome. Metal cutting modelling SPH approach. International Journal of Machining and Machinability of Materials. 9(3-4)177-196. 2011 [DOI] [OATAO]
[ACL6]M. Calamaz, J. Limido, M. Nouari, C. Espinosa, D. Coupard, M. Salaün, F. Girot and R. Chieragatti. Toward a better understanding of tool wear effect through a comparison between experiments and SPH numerical modelling of machining hard materials. International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials. 27(3)595–604. 2009 [DOI] [OATAO]
[ACL7]J. Limido, C. Espinosa, J.-L. Lacome and M. Salaün. SPH method applied to high speed cutting modelling. International Journal Of Mechanical Sciences. 49, 898-908. 2007 [DOI] [OATAO]
[ACL8]Y. Michel, J.-M. Chevalier, C. Durin, C. Espinosa, F. Malaise and J.-J. Barrau. Hypervelocity impacts on thin brittle targets: Experimental data and SPH simulations. International Journal of Impact Engineering. 33(1-12)441-451. 2006 [DOI]
[ACL9]J. Limido, C. Espinosa, M. Salaün and J.-L. Lacome. A new approach of high speed cutting modelling:SPH method. Journal de Physique 4. 134, 1195-1200. 2006 [DOI]
[ACL10]Y. Michel, J.-M. Chevalier, C. Durin, C. Espinosa, F. Malaise and J.-J. Barrau. Meshless modelling of dynamic behaviour of glasses under intense shock loadings: Application to matter ejection during high velocity impacts on thin brittle targets. Journal de Physique 4. 134, 1077-1083. 2006 [DOI]

Article de revue avec comité de lecture non répertorié

[ACLN1]C. Espinosa and F. Collombet. Impact de plaques composites : caractérisation et modèles. Journal De Physique, III. 1, 1953-1968. 1991 [DOI]

Articles dans des revues sans comité de lecture

[ASCL1]C. Espinosa, B. Kobyé, L. Michel and F. Lachaud. Numerical prediction of damage interaction during L-Shaped laminated composite structures unfolding. Key Engineering Materials. 577-578, 461-464. 2014
[ASCL2]C. Espinosa, M. Ruiz-ayuso and F. Lachaud. Inner Damage and External Dent in Composite Structures after Impact – Part I: Experimental Observations. Key Engineering Materials. 577-578, 457-460. 2014
[ASCL3]L. Michel, S. Garcia, Y. Chen, C. Espinosa and F. Lachaud. Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Delamination in Curved-Beam Multidirectional Laminated Composite Specimen. Key Engineering Materials. 577-578, 389-392. 2014
[ASCL4]M. Ilyas, C. Espinosa, F. Lachaud, L. Michel and M. Salaün. Modelling aeronautical composite laminates behaviour under impact using a saturation damage and delamination continuous material model. Key Engineering Materials. 452-453, 369-372. 2011 [DOI] [OATAO]

Communication avec actes dans un congrès international ou national

[ACT1]C. Espinosa, F. Tostain and S. Rivallant. Stabilization of the numerical priming to stabilization phenomenon in the crushing of a composite panel using local and diffuse damage laws. Proceedings of VII European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS 2016) 2016
[ACT2]F. Tostain, P. Guillén Ulecia, L. Fúster Alfonso, S. Rivallant and C. Espinosa. Experimental investigation of crushed composite plates under static and dynamic loads. Proceedings of ICILSM 2016 - 1st International Conference on Impact Loading of Structures and Materials, Turin, Italie, 22-26 May 2016
[ACT3]F. Tostain, C. Espinosa and S. Rivallant. Crushing of aeronautical composite absorbers using canonical and phenomenological ruin criteria. Proceedings of V ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on the Mechanical Response of Composites, Bristol, UK, 7-9 September 2015
[ACT4]F. Soulas, B. Lepetit, C. Espinosa, F. Lachaud, S. Guinard, J. Duval and I. Revel. How to define a mechanical impact equivalent to a lightning strike. Proceedings of 2015 International Conference on Lightning and Static Electricity (ICOLSE) 2015
[ACT5]F. Soulas, C. Espinosa, F. Lachaud, S. Guinard, B. Lepetit, Y. Duval and I. Revel. Approximation of a litghning test by a mechanical impact one : from equivalence criterion based on deflection to mechanical modelling of core damage and delamination. Proceedings of 2015 International Conference on Lightning and Static Electricity (ICOLSE) 2015
[ACT6]C. Chen, L. Michel, C. Espinosa and F. Lachaud. Simulation d'impact de composites stratifiés et effets de l'environnement. Proceedings of Proceedings of JNC19, Journées Nationales sur les Composites, Lyon, 29 Juin- 1er Juillet 2015
[ACT7]F. Soulas, C. Espinosa, F. Lachaud, S. Guinard, B. Lepetit and I. Revel. Equivalent impact set-up for lightning strike damage on composite coupons. Proceedings of ICCM20, 20th International Conference on Composite Materials, Copenhagen (Danmark), 19-24th July 2015
[ACT8]F. Soulas, C. Espinosa, F. Lachaud, S. Guinard, B. Lepetit and I. Revel. Endommagement des structures composites soumises à l’impact foudre. Proceedings of Journées Nationales sur les Composites, Lyon, 29 Juin-1er juillet2013 2015 2015
[ACT9]A. Baltzinger, A. Cayla, C. Espinosa, S. Perraud and C. Campagne. Ageing behavior of polyamide 6-6 parachute fabric in stratosphere and troposphere balloons systems. Proceedings of 15th Association of Universities for Textiles World Textile Conference (AUTEX 2015) ; june 2015 Bucarest (Roumanie) 2015
[ACT10]F. Tostain, C. Espinosa and S. Rivallant. Absorption d’énergie: un modèle de fragmentation diffuse et localisée pour le crash de composite carbone/epoxy. Proceedings of CSMA - 12ème Colloque National en Calcul des Structures, Giens, France, 18-22 mai 2015
[ACT11]F. Soulas, C. Espinosa, F. Lachaud, Y. Duval, S. Guinard, B. Lepetit and I. Revel. Design of Mechanical Impact tests equivalent to lightning strikes. Proceedings of ECCM16 - 16TH EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS, Seville, Spain, 22-26 June 2014 2014
[ACT12]C. Espinosa, M. Ruiz-ayuso and F. Lachaud. Inner damage and external dent in composite structures after impact - Part I : experimental observations. Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Fracture and Damage Mechanics (FDM 2013) p.457-460 2013 [DOI]
[ACT13]C. Espinosa, K. Bodjona, L. Michel and F. Lachaud. Numerical prediction of damage interaction during L-Shaped laminated composite structures unfolding. Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Fracture and Damage Mechanics (FDM2013) p.461-464 2013 [DOI]
[ACT14]M. Gonzalez, N. Binaud, C. Espinosa, C. Gogu, J. Morlier and S. Quoniam. Towards a consideration of the uncertainties in flight loads. Proceedings of 5th European Conference for Aeronautics and Space Sciences, Munich, Germany, 1-5th July 2013
[ACT15]C. Chen, L. Michel, C. Espinosa and F. Lachaud. Etude de l’effet du vieillissement humide sur le comportement à l’impact d’un stratifié composite carbone-époxy. Proceedings of Journées Nationales sur les Composites (JNC18) 2013
[ACT16]M. Gonzalez, C. Gogu, N. Binaud, C. Espinosa, J. Morlier and S. Quoniam. Uncertainty quantification in aircraft load calibration. Proceedings of 10th World Congress on Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, Orlando, Florida, USA, 19-24th May 2013
[ACT17]S. Garcia, L. Michel, C. Espinosa, F. Lachaud and R. Piquet. Experimental Study of Corner Shaped Composite Laminates Subjected to Pure Bending. Proceedings of Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Composite Science and Technology (ICCST-9) 2013
[ACT18]L. Michel, S. Garcia, C. Yao, C. Espinosa and F. Lachaud. Experimental and numerical investigation of delamination in curved-beam multidirectional laminated composite specimen. Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Fracture and Damage Mechanics (FDM 2013) p.389-392 2013
[ACT19]C. Espinosa, J. Limido, F. Lachaud and J.-L. Lacome. Combining a CDM model and a FE-Particle method to analyse the ruin modes of a composite structure during a crash. Proceedings of uropean Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS 2012) 2012
[ACT20]C. Chen, C. Espinosa, L. Michel and F. Lachaud. A numerical Approche for analyzing post-impact behaviour of composite lamniate plate under in-plane compresion. Proceedings of ECCM15 - 15th EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON COMPOSITE MATERIALS, Venice, Italy, 24-28 June 2012 2012
[ACT21]R. Chieragatti, C. Espinosa, J.-L. Lacome, J. Limido, C. Mabru and M. Salaün. Détermination d’un kt local associé à la rugosité de surface; influence sur la tenue en fatigue. Proceedings of 29ème Journées de Printemps de la SF2M : Influence des procédés sur la tenue en fatigue, Rôle des défauts - Paris (France), Mai 2010 [OATAO]
[ACT22]M. Ilyas, J. Limido, F. Lachaud, C. Espinosa and M. Salaün. modélisation SPH 3D de l'impact basse vitesse de plaque composite. Proceedings of 19 ème Congrés Français de Mécanique 2009
[ACT23]J. Limido, C. Espinosa, M. Salaün, J.-L. Lacome, C. Mabru and R. Chieragatti. Metal cutting analysis : SPH approach. Proceedings of JSTMM08 - 6th Scientific and Technical Symposium on Manufacturing and Materials - Monastir (Tunisie), Novembre 2008 [OATAO]
[ACT24]J. Limido, M. Suraratchai, C. Mabru, C. Espinosa, M. Salaün and R. Chieragatti. Machining parameters effects on fatigue life of aluminium alloy aeronautical parts. Proceedings of Fatigue Design 2007 - International Conference on the respective input of the numerical simulation and the experimental approach in fatigue design - Senlis (France), Novembre 2007 [OATAO]
[ACT25]J. Limido, C. Espinosa and M. Salaün. Modélisation 3D des efforts de coupe et de la surface en UGV à partir d'un modèle numérique 2D. Proceedings of Giens 2007 - 8ème Colloque National en Calcul des Structures - Giens (France), Mai 2007
[ACT26]Y. Michel, N. Le Roux, C. Durin, C. Espinosa, A. Moussi, J.-M. Chevalier and J.-J. Barrau. Damages and matter ejection during HVI on brittle structures: implications for space environment. Proceedings of 10th International Symposium on Materials in a Space Environment & 8th International Conference on Protection of Materials and Structures in a Space Environment 2006
[ACT27]Y. Michel, J.-M. Chevalier, C. Durin, C. Espinosa, F. Malaise and J.-J. Barrau. Meshless modelling of dynamic behaviour of glasses under intense shock loadings: application to matter ejection during high velocity impacts on thin brittle targets.. Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Mechanical and Physical Behaviour of Materials under Dynamic Loading 2006 [DOI] [OATAO]
[ACT28]Y. Michel, J.-M. Chevalier, C. Durin, C. Espinosa and F. Malaise. Hypervelocity impacts on thin brittle targets: experimental data and SPH simulations. Proceedings of HVIS 2005 - Hypervelocity Impact Symposium, 10-14 Oct 2005, Lake Tahoe, United States 2005 [DOI] [OATAO]
[ACT29]C. Mabru, C. Espinosa and R. Chieragatti. Étude thermomécanique d’une nouvelle géométrie d’éprouvette de fatigue en environnement sévère. Proceedings of 16 ème Congrès Français de Mécanique 2003 [OATAO]
[ACT30]F. Collombet and C. Espinosa. Simulation of through matrix cracking damage history sustained by laminated composite plates during transverse impact. Proceedings of ISIE Sendai 2-4 Novembre 1992 p.412-417 1992
[ACT31]C. Espinosa, F. Collombet and J.-L. Lataillade. Simulation of matrix cracking damage history sustained of laminated composite plates during transverse impact. Proceedings of ECCM 5 Bordeaux, 7-10 April 1992 p.83-88 1992
[ACT32]C. Espinosa, F. Collombet and J.-L. Lataillade. Endommagement de composites unidirectionnels par fissuration d'impact. Proceedings of 10ème Congrès Français de Mécanique, Paris, 2-6 septembre 1991 1991

Communication sans actes dans un congrès international ou national

[COM1]B. Perin, C. Espinosa, R. Blois and P. Bordenave. Experimental and Numerical Investigation of the Tearing Resistance of a Parachute Woven Fabric using LS-Dyna. 14th International LS-DYNA Users Conference 2016
[COM2]F. Tostain, C. Espinosa and S. Rivallant. Modélisation des ruptures et fragmentations dynamiques de stratifiés composites en écrasement. MécaDymat "Comportement et rupture des matériaux sous sollicitations dynamiques", Strasbourg (France), 30-31 Mars 2016 2016
[COM3]F. Soulas, C. Espinosa, F. Lachaud, Y. Duval, S. Guinard, B. Lepetit and I. Revel. Design of Mechanical Impact tests equivalent to lightning strikes. Journées Thématiques DynRap 'Etudes de phénomènes en dynamique rapide par essais et simulations', DGA- Techniques aeronautiques, Toulouse (France) 2015
[COM4]F. Tostain, C. Espinosa and S. Rivallant. Modèles d'écrasement localisé et d'endommagement diffus pour la simulation du crash de structures composites. Journées Thématiques DynRap 'Etudes de phénomènes en dynamique rapide par essais et simulations', DGA - Techniques aeronautiques, Toulouse, France, 25-26 mars 2015
[COM5]C. Espinosa. La simulation numérique des structures souples - Aide au dimensionnement de voiles de parachutes et de ballons. Journées Thématiques Aérolargage, DGA - Techniques Aéronautiques, Toulouse (France), 18-19 mars 2014
[COM6]C. Espinosa, L. Michel, K. Bodjona, F. Lachaud and R. Piquet. Modélisation numérique de l’initiation et de la propagation des dommages lors du dépliage de cornières composites aéronautiques - Comparaison à des prévisions théoriques. NAFEMS 2012 2012
[COM7]Y. Coquet, P. Bordeneuve, G. Capmas and C. Espinosa. Improvements in Fluid Structure Interaction simulations of LS-Dyna (r). 21st AIAA Aerodynamic Decelerator Systems Technology Conference and Seminar, Dublin (Ireland) 2011
[COM8]J. Limido, M. Suraratchaï, C. Mabru, C. Espinosa, M. Salaün, R. Chieragatti and V. Vergnes. Machining parameters effects on surface and fatigue life of Aluminium alloy aeronautical parts. EUCASS 2009 - 3rd European Conference for Aero-Space Sciences - Versailles (France), Juillet 2009
[COM9]J. Limido, C. Espinosa, M. Salaün, C. Mabru and R. Chieragatti. High speed machining modelling : SPH method capabilies. 4th Spheric Workshop - Nantes (France), Mai 2009
[COM10]J. Limido, C. Espinosa, J.-L. Lacome and M. Salaün. A new approach of high speed cutting modelling : SPH method. DYMAT 2006 - 8th International Conference on Mechanical and Physical Behaviour of Material under Dynamic Loading - Dijon (France), Septembre 2006
[COM11]Y. Michel, A. Moussi, C. Durin, C. Espinosa, J.-M. Chevalier and J.-C. Mandeville. Damaging and ejection processes during HVI on brittle targets: experimental data and comparison with numerical simulation using a SPH method. . 4th European Conference on Space Debris, 18-20 April 2005, Darmstadt, Germany 2005 [OATAO]
[COM12]Y. Michel, C. Durin, C. Espinosa and J.-M. Chevalier. Aérogels : état de l'art et applications spatiales. 6ième CCT CNES Matériaux émergents et nanaotechnologies pour applications spatiales 2004

Chapitre d'ouvrage scientifique

[OSC1]C. Espinosa and M. Salaün. Pour un usage raisonné des logiciels de calcul et des bibliothèques scientifiques. In book Encyclopédie de l’informatique et des systèmes d’information, Chap. 8, p.836-848. Ed. Vuibert. 2006 ISBN:2-7117-4846-4 [OATAO]

Thèse de Doctorat ou HdR

[TH1]C. Espinosa. Contribution à l'étude du comportement sous impact localisé basse vitesse de plaques stratifiées à base d'unidirectionnels composites à fibres longues . Thèse de doctorat, Université de Bordeaux I. 1991



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